Insider View

Xinjiang is the biggest province in China. The local people have a saying, ‘without being in Xinjiang, you never know how big China is.’ For foreign travelers, there are totally 4 major areas in this province: UrumqiTurpan area, the capital, and most famous Uyghur city; Yili (Ili), the seat of Chinese Kazakh people and famous for its beautiful grassland; South Xinjiang (Korla, Kuqa, Kashgar, and Hotan), where the ancient Silk Road ran through from the east to the west and entered Central Asian countries; and North Xinjiang, basically the Altay area, famous for the picturesque Kanas Lake and minority villages such as Hemu and Baihaba.

For luxury travelers, there are international brand hotels like Hilton and Grand Mercure in Urumqi, Radisson in Kashgar. One of China’s best wild luxury hotels, the Hot Spring Keluge Yeshe Campsite, is here, near Sayram Lake.
— Your China Specialists

Hot Spring Keluge Yeshe Campsite
Premier Partner

Wanda Vista Urumqi

Basic Information

Xinjiang, officially Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is an autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), located in the northwest of the country close to Central Asia. Being the largest province-level division of China and the 8th-largest country subdivision in the world, it spans over 1.6 million km2 (640,000 square miles) and has about 25 million inhabitants.

It borders Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. The rugged Karakoram, Kunlun, and Tian Shan mountain ranges occupy much of Xinjiang’s borders, as well as its western and southern regions. It also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai. The most well-known route of the historical Silk Road ran through the territory from the east to its northwestern border.

It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Turkic Uyghur, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Tajiks, Mongols, Russians, and Xibe. More than a dozen autonomous prefectures and counties for minorities are here.

With a documented history of at least 2,500 years, a succession of people and empires have vied for control over all or parts of this territory. The territory came under the rule of the Qing dynasty in the 18th century, later replaced by the Republic of China government. Since 1949 and the Chinese Civil War, it has been part of the People’s Republic of China. In 1954, the Xinjiang Bingtuan was set up to strengthen the border defense against the Soviet Union and also promote the local economy. In 1955, it was administratively changed from a province into an autonomous region.

Source: Wikipedia

Xinjiang Travel Destinations