Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, also known as Ganzi, is an autonomous prefecture occupying Sichuan province’s western arm, China, bordering Yunnan to the south, the Tibet Autonomous Region to the west, and Gansu to the north and northwest. It is sometimes spelled “Kardze” and “Garzin.”
The prefecture’s area is 151,078 square kilometers (58,332 sq mi). The population is approximately 880,000, with Tibetans accounting for 77.8% of the total population. The capital city of Garze is Kangding (Dartsedo).
Garze was traditionally part of the historical region of Kham. During China’s Republican Era (1912–49), Garze became nominally part of the province of Xikang, which included parts of former Kham.
In 1950, following the defeat of the Kuomintang forces by the People’s Liberation Army, the area fell within the People’s Republic of China’s control. Eastern Xikang was merged with Sichuan in 1955, where Garze became an Autonomous Prefecture.