Chongqing, alternately romanized as Chungking, is a megacity in southwest China.
Administratively, it is one of the four municipalities under the direct administration of the central government of the People’s Republic of China (the other three are Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin), and the only such municipality located far away from the coast. As the municipal government directly administers the city, as well as rural counties, and other cities not connected to the city, Chongqing municipality can technically claim to be the largest city proper in the world, even though this is due to a classification technicality and not because it is actually the world’s largest urban area. This title belongs to the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Pearl River Delta agglomeration.
It was a municipality during the Republic of China (ROC) administration, within the Sichuan Province. It served as its wartime capital during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), one of the world’s anti-fascist command centers. The current municipality was separated from Sichuan province on 14 March 1997 to help develop the central and western parts of China. The Chongqing administrative municipality has a population of over 30 million. The city of Chongqing, comprising 9 urban and suburban districts, has a population of 8,750,000 as of 2018. According to the 2010 census, It is the most populous Chinese municipality and also the largest direct-controlled municipality in China, containing 26 districts, eight counties, and four autonomous counties.
Chongqing has a significant history and culture. Being one of China’s National Central Cities, it serves as the economic center of the Sichuan Basin and the upstream Yangtze. It is a major manufacturing center and transportation hub; a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit described it as one of China’s “13 emerging megalopolises”. Chongqing is ranked as a Beta global city.