- To be explored.
Overview – Shuhe
Shuhe is located in the north of Lijiang, Yunnan. It is one of the components of the ancient city of Lijiang. It is one of the earliest settlements of the Naxi people in Lijiang, and it is also a well-preserved important market town on the Ancient Tea Horse Road.
Shuhe is called “Shaowu” in Naxi language, because the mountain behind the village is shaped like a peak of a pile of mountains. It is a famous mountain village, which means “village under the peak”. It is located to the north of Lijiang Old Town, and it travels about four kilometers along the road on the east side of Zhongji Sea. It forms the Old Town of Lijiang together with Baisha Ancient Town and Dayan Ancient Town.
Xu Xiake once passed through Shuhe while visiting Zhishan Jieji Forest. In his travel notes, he wrote: “Crossing a dry stone bridge, looking west towards the Zhonghai, the willows are lingering, and there is a large settlement on it, it is the Shiheyuan”. “Shihe” is the ancient name of today’s Shuhe.
The Qinglong Bridge is located on the west side of Lao Sifang Street. It was built during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty. It has a history of more than 400 years. To the west of the Qinglong Bridge is the Jubao Mountain. The central axis of the Qinglong Bridge faces the Jubao Mountain. This is the design of the Mu Family Tusi. It is also a landmark building in the heyday of the Mu family chieftain. It is 25 meters long, 4.5 meters wide and 4 meters high. It ranks among the most ancient stone bridges in Lijiang.
The deck of the Qinglong Bridge has been scrubbed by wind and rain for hundreds of years to make it old and old, without losing its heroic aura and solemnity. Standing here, you may hear the sound of horseshoe echoing. According to legend, there was a stranger who stepped from the bridge to Baisha and climbed to the sky on the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain. There are still immortal footprints on the bridge. Nowadays, the immortal’s footprints are being repeated by modern people, and the most primitive and oldest stone culture is under their feet.
Jiuding Longtan Pool is also known as “Longquan” by locals. The water of Jiuding Longtan comes from the crevices of stones at the foot of Longquan Mountain. The water is not deep, but not muddy in summer and not shallow in winter. A stream of clear water overflows from the rock crevices, always moisturizing the ancient town. There are green willows hanging down in the lake, green cypresses pointing to the sky, clear spring water, and many fishes in the middle of the lake, which are regarded as sacred fish by the locals. The fish in Longtan is not eaten by the sacred fish.
The Tea Horse Road Museum area is the most fully preserved and largest ancient building complex in Shuhe today. The total area within the red line is 5137.3 square meters. Among them, Dajue Palace is a Ming Dynasty building and was listed as the seventh batch of national-level buildings in 2013. Key cultural relics protection units.
The Shuhe Tea Horse Road Museum is composed of Dajue Palace, Yuantian Pavilion Site, Wenchang Palace Site, and Yuanshuhe Wanxiao Teaching Building built in the 1940s. They are all precious Naxi ancient architectural communities. In 2004, It was transformed these ancient and modern buildings into the “Shuhe Ancient Tea Horse Road Museum”. Currently, there are 13 local cultural exhibition halls exhibiting more than 800 artifacts related to the Ancient Tea Horse Road. It became the first private museum in China with the theme of tea-horse culture.
Source: Your China Specialists