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Guanlin Temple

Culture | History | Religion

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Guanlin Temple was named for the burial site of Guan Yu, a military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. It was built during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty and expanded during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. This is the only ancient classic building in China that combines mounds, temples, and forests into one. The architectural specifications are built in accordance with the palace form, and the layout is rigorous and spectacular.
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Basic Information

  • Opening Hours: Spring & Autumn: 8:00 – 18:00; Summer: 8:00 to 18:30; Winter: 8:00 to 17:30
  • Visiting Time: 1-2 hours
  • Chinese Name: 关林庙
  • Address: No. 2, Guanlin South Street, Luoyang, Shanghai

Overview – Guanlin Temple

Guanlin Temple is located 7 kilometers from the southern suburbs of Luoyang City. According to legend, it was the place where Guan Yu, the famous Shu Han general of the Three Kingdoms, was buried in the late Han Dynasty. It is one of the three major Guan Temples in China and at home and abroad. However, Tian Fusheng’s textual research believes that the Guan Yu Tomb in Guanzhuang Village was the place where Guan Yu’s head was buried, and Guanlin Temple was a temple site built during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty.

Guanlin covers an area of ​​100 acres, has more than 150 hallways (also known as Guanlin Temple), more than 70 ancient inscriptions, 4 stone workshops, more than 110 large and small lions, and more than 800 ancient cypresses. The building is magnificent and the environment is elegant.

Guan Yu whose courtesy name is Yunchang, was a military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. Along with Zhang Fei, he shared a brotherly relationship with Liu Bei and accompanied him on most of his early exploits. Guan Yu played a significant role in the events leading up to the end of the Han dynasty and the establishment of Liu Bei’s state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. 

His deeds and moral qualities have been given immense emphasis, making Guan Yu one of East Asia’s most popular paradigms of loyalty and righteousness. He is still worshipped by many Chinese people today. In religious devotion he is reverentially called the “Emperor Guan” (Guān Dì) or “Lord Guan” (Guān Gōng). He is a deity worshipped in Chinese folk religion, popular Confucianism, Taoism, and Chinese Buddhism, and small shrines to him are almost ubiquitous in traditional Chinese shops and restaurants.

In the old days, there was a traditional temple fair in the Guanlin area, and now the Guanlin International Pilgrimage Ceremony is held here every year.

Source: Wikipedia


The existing building of Guanlin Temple was built in the 20th year of Wanli of Ming Dynasty, and its layout was built in the shape of “Hui” according to the structure of the imperial palace. Dancing Tower, Gate, Yimen, Peace Hall, Wealth Hall, Chunqiu Hall, and Guanlin (Tomb) are the central axis of north-south direction. The layout of other buildings is symmetrical along this line, and they are scattered in a pattern, reflecting the traditions of ancient Chinese architecture culture. Features.

Qianqiu Jianlou: Also known as Xilou and Wulou, built in the fifty-sixth year of Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1791), it is located on the southern square of Guanlin, facing south and facing north. It is a stage for performing operas when worshiping Guan Yu.

Gate: Built in the fifty-sixth year of the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty (1791), there are ninety-nine eighty-one golden nails on the middle gate, which is a symbol of the highest grade of the feudal social hierarchy. The east and west sides of the gate are eight-character walls, with four characters “loyalty” and “benevolence and bravery” written in seals respectively, summarizing Guan Yu’s life of loyalty, righteous friend, benevolence and bravery.

Source: Wikipedia

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